The Senate was created by the 1997 Organic Law. Before the promulgation of that document, the Ziu consisted only of a single house (now termed the "lower house"), the Cosa. Therefore, the first Senate was the Senate for the 23rd Cosa.
Ever since changes ratified after the 35th Cosa, the King has been Organically barred from holding a place in the Senate, and indeed from entering the Senate chamber unless summoned there to provide testimony to a Senate commission. The consort of the King, and any regent during his or her regency also is forbidden from holding a seat in the Senate. Furthermore, no Senator may hold seats in the Cosa.
The powers of the Senate are equal to those of the Cosa, except that no bill appropriating revenue may have a Senator as its primary sponsor, and the Senate does not participate in the Vote of Confidence in the government.
The approval of a majority of the Senate to all legislation is required before royal assent can be sought. In the case of bills recommending referenda for the ratification of Organic amendments affecting those articles concerning the Senate itself, the process of amending Organic Law, or the territorial subdivisions of the Kingdom, a super-majority of two-thirds vote in the Senate is required.
The Senate also may pass resolutions without involvement of the Cosa, to commemorate events, create Senatorial commissions or honours, or grant those honours to specific persons. Two typical "Resolutions of the Senate" (RS) are the recommendation of a Chancellor of the Royal Talossan Bar to the King, and the awarding of the Senatorial Medal of Honour.
The Senate is led by a ceremonial "Lord President" or Mençei, elected by the Chamber from among its own members, who may resign or be removed by vote of the Chamber
The Senate for the 50th Cosa consists of eight members. Six were returned from the previous Senate; Gödafrïeu Válcadác'h won the open race for the Fiovan seat, and after the elections, Florencia's Governor appointed Ma la Mha after the incumbent's resignations. Two of the four races were contested, but neither produced a particularly close result.
No further vacancies arose during the term, so only Florencia's special election was added to the normally scheduled races during the next General Elections.
Magniloqueu Épiqeu da Lhiun was elected unopposed for a first term as Mençei.
In addition to normally scheduled elections in Atatürk, Benito and Vuode, a special election was held in Fiôvâ to complete the remainder of Carlüs Xheráltescu's term. None of the seats changed hands except Fiôvâ's, which still remained under Free Democrat control.
In Atatürk, Sevastáin Pinátsch retained his seat and will therefore return to the Senate for a second term.
|Atatürk Senate Election|
|Benito Senate Election|
|Lüc da Schir||12|
|Fiôvâ Special Senate Election|
|Vuode Senate Election|
Shortly after the end of the General Election, Senator Pôl d'Aurìbuérg renounced his citizenship; Ma la Mha was appointed to the empty seat. His term would have ended in the next General Election anyway, so the election held concurrently to the 51st Cosa General Election will not be a special election.
The members of the Senate for the 50th Cosa, listed in the order of the scheduled expiration of their terms, are:
|Province||Senator||Senate Seat Contested|
|Cézembre||Ián Anglatzarâ||for 51st Cosa|
|Florencia||Ma la Mha||for 51st Cosa|
|Maricopa||Munditenens Tresplet||for 51st Cosa|
|Fiôvâ||Gödafrïeu Válcadác'h||for 52nd Cosa|
|Maritiimi-Maxhestic||Magniloqueu Épiqeu da Lhiun||for 52nd Cosa|
|Benito||Lüc da Schir||for 52nd Cosa|
|Vuode||Éovart Grischun||for 53rd Cosa|
|Atatürk||Sevastáin Pinátsch||for 53rd Cosa|
As reflected by the table below, at each general election, three Senators (out of the eight) are elected. This means that the term of office for each Senate seat is three Cosa-elections two times and two-Cosa-elections the third, repeating. That’s more-or-less 16 or 24 months to each Senatorial term. However, a Senator’s term may be shortened by early dissolutions of the Cosa or lengthened by no-business months inserted between Clarks [For full details, see the Organic Law Article IV: Election to the Senäts and Article V: Composition of the Senäts].
|Cosa||Senate Seat Contested|
|48||Atatürk, Cézembre, Florencia|
|49||Maricopa, Fiova, Maritiimi-Maxhestic|
|50||Benito, Vuode, Atatürk|
|51||Cézembre, Florencia, Maricopa|
|52||Fiova, Maritiimi-Maxhestic, Benito|
|53||Vuode, Atatürk, Cézembre|
|54||Florencia, Maricopa, Fiova|
|55||Maritiimi-Maxhestic, Benito, Vuode|
(The Election Cycle Then Repeats)